Composed by: Kitti Kuremanee

Published by: Retsel Mil Publications

Grade : 4

Srivijaya or Sriwijaya was a powerful ancient Malay empire based on the island of Sumatra, modern day Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia. The earliest solid proof of its existence dates from the 7th century; a Chinese monk, I-Tsing, wrote that he visited Srivijaya in 671 for 6 months. The first inscription in which the name Srivijaya appears also dates from the 7th century, namely the Kedukan Bukit Inscription around Palembang in Sumatra, dated 683. The kingdom ceased to exist in the 13th century due to various factors, including the expansion of the Javanese Majapahit empire. Srivijaya was an important centre for Buddhist expansion in the 8th to 12th centuries. In Sanskrit, “sri” means ‘shining’ or ‘radiant’ and “vijaya” means ‘victory’ or ‘excellence’.

After Srivijaya fell, it was largely forgotten and so historians had never considered that a kingdom as large as United Kingdom could have been present in Southeast Asia. The existence of Srivijaya was only formally suspected in 1918 when French historian George Coedès of the École française d’Extreme-Orient postulated the existence of the empire. By 1993, Pierre-Yves Manguin proved that the centre of Srivijaya was along the Musi River between Bukit Seguntang and Sabokingking (situated in what is now the province of South Sumatra, Indonesia).

This piece is an intermediate level piece for wind band based on Southern Thai folk music melody and pentatonic melody from composer himself. Composed in 2010, the 20 century’s techniques for wind and percussion instrument are used thoroughly for this composition, along with the Romantic idiom to connect with the story from composer’s imagination. Thai elements and techniques are the main material of this composition. It used to reflect the Thai influence in classical western music in the eighties and nineties style.


  1. Piccolo
  2. 1st Flute
  3. 2nd Flute
  4. Oboe
  5. Bassoon
  6. Clarinet in E♭
  7. 1st Clarinet in B♭
  8. 2nd Clarinet in B♭
  9. 3rd Clarinet in B♭
  10. Bass Clarinet
  11. 1st Alto Saxophone
  12. 2nd Alto Saxophone
  13. Tenor Saxophone
  14. Baritone Saxophone
  15. Piano
  16. 1st Trumpet in B♭
  17. 2nd Trumpet in B♭
  18. 3rd Trumpet in B♭
  19. 1st Horn in F
  20. 2nd Horn in F
  21. 3rd Horn in F
  22. 4th Horn in F
  23. 1st Trombone
  24. 2nd Trombone
  25. Bass Trombone
  26. Baritone
  27. Euphonium
  28. Tuba
  29. Double Bass
  30. Timpani
  31. Glockenspiel
  32. Xylophone
  33. Vibraphone
  34. Marimba
  35. Percussion 1 (Crash cymbals, suspended cymbals, snare drum & bass drum)
  36. Percussion 2 (Whip, wind chimes, large thai tom, floor tom, concert toms, gong & triangle)

* The percussion instruments are possible to share between parts and set up. It is possible to switch between parts if necessary depends on section leader management.