Guest Conductor Nipatdh Kanchanahuta with the UCLA Wind Ensemble performing ‘Ar-gard’ by Kitti Kuramanee on March 2, 2011, at Schoenberg Hall on the UCLA campus.

Nipatdh Kanchanahuta is the Conductor of the Wind Symphony at Kasetsart University in Bangkok, Thailand.

Composed by: Kitti Kuremanee

Published by: Retsel Mil Publications

Grade : 5

Composed in November 2008, Ar-gard literally means “Air” in Thai. This piece of music is the composer’s imagination of how the air around us evokes different emotions such as happiness, jubilation or regret.

In this composition, he uses a group of notes from a set (0, 3, 6, 7), or a diminished triad with raised 5th note, to create the color of the sound. The reason being this group of notes can be developed and expanded into a variety of musical figures, symbolising our feelings and thoughts. This suggests that even though we have many moods, it is the air that influences our feelings. So the set (0, 3, 6, 7) represents air that can change into many forms and thus ideas, but still has a unity of musical structure.

This composition has three movements. Each movement is comprised of the development of a main idea and its transformation into a variety of musical idioms and structures. Thai elements such as pentatonic scales were used to create the many modes and textures. This piece is written in neo-tonality system and style.


  1. Piccolo
  2. 1st Flute
  3. 2nd Flute
  4. Oboe
  5. Bassoon
  6. Clarinet in E♭
  7. 1st Clarinet in B♭
  8. 2nd Clarinet in B♭
  9. 3rd Clarinet in B♭
  10. Alto Clarinet
  11. Bass Clarinet
  12. Alto Saxophone
  13. Tenor Saxophone
  14. Baritone Saxophone
  15. Piano
  16. 1st Cornet
  17. 2nd Cornet
  18. 1st Trumpet in B♭
  19. 2nd Trumpet in B♭
  20. 3rd Trumpet in B♭
  21. 1st & 2nd Horn in F
  22. 3rd & 4th Horn in F
  23. 1st Trombone
  24. 2nd Trombone
  25. Bass Trombone
  26. Baritone
  27. Euphonium
  28. Tuba
  29. Double Bass
  30. Timpani
  31. Glockenspiel & Chimes
  32. Vibraphone
  33. Mallet Percussions (Marimba, xylophone)
  34. Percussion 1 (Snare drum, bass drum, crash cymbals, bongo)
  35. Percussion 2 (Metal plate (high pitch), suspended cymbals, gong, concert toms, cow bell, whip, tambourine)
  36. Percussion 3 (Gong, metal plate (high pitch), suspended cymbal, cow bell, floor tom, concert toms, wind chimes)
  37. Percussion 4 (Suspended cymbal, gong, floor tom, hi-hat)

* The percussion instruments are possible to share between parts and set up. It is possible to switch between parts if necessary depends on Section leader management.