Saiful Bahri (19 September 1924 – 26 December 1976) was a Malaysian-Indonesian composer and songwriter, active in both countries during the 1950s and 1960s. Bahri composed and wrote Melaka Maju Jaya, the Malaccan state anthem, and wrote the lyrics to Duli Yang Maha Mulia, the Selangor state anthem.

Bahri was born in Payakumbu, West Sumatra, in the then Duth East Indies. He was educated at INS Kayutanam, a colonial-era school for the Bumiputera, where he sharpened his musical skills. In 1941, Bahri moved to Jakarta, and became a violinist for the Jakarta Studio Orchestra (OSD). From 1950 to 1960, he served as conductor for the Orchestra. He emigrated to Malaysia in 1963, and quickly becoming a pillar for the nascent nation’s cultural and arts scene. He was involved with Malayan Radio Orchestra and the Filem Negara Malaysia. During this period in his life, he used the alias Surya Buana.